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World AIDS Day 2021 Statistics: Know how is the situation in the world in statistics, where does India stand and is it possible to end AIDS by 2030?

World AIDS Day 2021: When is World AIDS Day? Know the date of World AIDS Day and why it is celebrated

HIV remains a major public health issue affecting millions of people worldwide. Although the world has made significant progress in recent decades, important global targets for 2020 have not been met. World AIDS Day is celebrated around the world on 1 December – a day created to raise awareness about HIV and the resulting AIDS Pandemic. According to UNAIDS, since the start of the pandemic in 1988, 79.3 million people have been infected with HIV. According to the WHO, HIV has killed more than 36.3 million people and remains a major global public health issue.

World AIDS Day 2021: When is World AIDS Day? Know the date of World AIDS Day and why it is celebrated

How HIV-AIDS is affecting the world:

new HIV infection

UNAIDS says that new HIV infections have decreased by 52 percent since their worldwide peak in 1997. It further said that about 1.5 million people were infected with HIV in 2020 as compared to 3.0 million people in 1997.

According to UNAIDS, there has been a 31 percent decline in new HIV infections since 2010, from 2.1 million to 1.5 million in 2020. It said that since 2010, there has been a 53 percent decline in new HIV infections among children, from 3,20,000 in 2010 to 1 in 2020 and this number was 50,000 in 2020.

Global status of HIV infection:

Despite the decline, according to UNAIDS global data, there were 37.7 million people living with HIV globally in 2020. In the same year, 680,000 people died of AIDS-related diseases.

This is when the world is committed to ending AIDS by 2030.

The WHO says that the rate of new infections and deaths is not falling fast enough to meet this target.

According to UNICEF, out of an estimated 37.7 million people living with HIV worldwide in 2020, 2.78 million were children aged 0-19. It further states that in 2020, around 850 children became infected with HIV every day and around 330 children died of AIDS-related causes. Most of these deaths were due to inadequate access to HIV prevention, care and treatment services.

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Impact of COVID on HIV/AIDS:

According to UNAIDS, the corona Pandemic has caused widespread disruption of health services in many countries. In some countries, HIV services have been reported to be disrupted by as much as 75 percent.

The WHO found that people living with HIV had a 30 percent higher risk of developing severe or fatal COVID-19 than people without HIV infection.

In 2020, WHO also conducted a survey to know the impact of corona and how it affects people living with HIV. It found that during that time 73 countries had warned they were at risk of stock-out of antiretrovirals (ARVs). As a result of the corona pandemic, there are reports of critically low stocks of drugs and ARVs in twenty-four countries or shortages in the supply of these life-saving drugs.

HIV-AIDS: India’s Status

According to the India HIV Estimation 2019 report of the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), an estimated 23.48 lakh people were living with HIV at the national level in 2019.

According to the report, Maharashtra is estimated to have the highest number of people living with HIV. At the same time, this number was 3.14 lakh in Andhra Pradesh, 2.69 lakh in Karnataka.

The report also said that there were an estimated 69,000 new HIV infections in India in 2019, which translates to 190 new infections every day and eight new infections every hour.

Talking about AIDS-related deaths, in the year 2019, about 59,000 people died due to this disease.

World AIDS Day 2021: Give this message on Facebook and WhatsApp status, share these quotes

Is it possible to end AIDS by 2030?

WHO says that although the world has made significant progress in recent decades, important global targets for 2020 have not been met. According to the WHO, reaching the newly proposed global 95-95-95 targets set by UNAIDS will require the world to redouble efforts to avoid the worst-case scenario of more than half a million HIV-related deaths in sub-Saharan Africa.

The goals were set with the aim of bringing HIV testing and treatment to the majority of people living with HIV by the end of 2020, and reducing the amount of HIV in their bodies, so that they remain healthy and alert for further virus prevention. . According to UNAIDS, there has been an increase in the number of people who know their condition and are on treatment related to it.

World AIDS Day: Nationally in 2019, an estimated 23.48 lakh people were living with HIV.

What do the experts say

Winnie Byanyama, Executive Director of UNAIDS, says, “India needs to focus more on controlling AIDS in pregnant women, as if a pregnant woman tests positive, there is a possibility that the infection will spread to the child. Others India needs to focus on treating groups like sex workers, transgenders as they still face a lot of discrimination.”

On the effectiveness of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) in controlling the virus and the situation in India, Miss Byanama said,

“India produces 80 per cent of antiretroviral treatment drugs and globally many countries depend on India for treatment. In the wake of the ongoing coronavirus crisis, India needs to ensure that this production and supply chain of antiretroviral drugs does not break down.

Talking about the way forward and the main focus areas for reducing AIDS cases, Miss Byanama said that we need to protect young teenage girls and women and this is very important. “Sex education for both boys and girls in school is definitely the way forward. We also need it at the community level so that more and more people are aware,” he said.

The World Food Program states that the coronavirus and the current HIV pandemic are adversely affecting people living with HIV at all levels, but more significantly in the areas of food and nutrition. It further states, “HIV impairs nutritional status by weakening the immune system and inhibiting the intake or absorption of nutrients. Malnutrition can exacerbate the effects of HIV and AIDS-related complications in people living with HIV.” The energy requirements of youth living with HIV are 10-30 percent higher, while children living with HIV require 50-100 percent more than their counterparts. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) Many studies have been conducted to assess the importance of knowledge, attitudes and practices in the U.S., but only a few focus on nutrition.”

World AIDS Day 2021: When and why is World AIDS Day celebrated? Know what is this year’s theme

On the other hand, while appreciating the efforts made in India in the last few years for the management of AIDS, Dr. Tripti Gilada, Infectious Disease Specialist, Masina Hospital, Mumbai said,

“While it has been almost 35 years that mankind has been battling HIV/AIDS, the past two decades have seen game-changing developments in both HIV management and prevention.”

He further added that the advent of new antiretroviral drugs for HIV treatment has brought about a highly effective, safe and convenient ‘once daily single tablet’ regimen. Miss Gilada continued, “It, along with affordable treatment costs, transformed HIV from a fatal disease to a chronic condition like diabetes or high blood pressure. However, I believe that India

All developments in HIV treatment were very quick to adopt, but we have not kept pace with scientific developments in HIV prevention. It is only condom use that has played a major role in reducing our number of new infections over the past 25 years. ,

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