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Smic, fuel, stamps… What changes on January 1

Qui says new year says changes on many levels. 2023 will thus bring its share of novelties.

Economic changes

The minimum wage earns 24 euros. The minimum growth wage (smic) is automatically increased by 1.8% due to the rise in prices. It rises to 1,353 euros net monthly, an increase of 24 euros. Gross, for a full-time 35-hour week, the monthly minimum wage rises to 1,709 euros and the hourly minimum wage to 11.27 euros. In the civil service, the salaries of the 410,000 lowest paid agents will also be increased by 1.8% on 1er January 2023.

End of red stamp. La Poste will replace its red stamp for urgent letters delivered the next day with a dematerialized version. The new formula, called “red e-Letter”, will allow documents of up to three sheets to be sent on the website or at a post office, via an automatic machine or with the help of a postman. The document will be printed near the addressee, put in an envelope and distributed the next day if it was sent before 8 p.m. The service will cost 1.49 euros, compared to 1.43 euros for the current red “priority letter” stamp.

Premium learning. The premium for hiring apprentices will be 6,000 euros in 2023 for a minor as for an adult under 30 years old. Currently, this aid is 5,000 euros for a minor, 8,000 for an adult.

Doubling the rate of new PELs. For the first time in 22 years, the rate of return on housing savings plans (PEL) signed from 1er January will increase to 2% from 1% today.

What is changing on the transport side?

Fuel: end of the general discount. The general rebate on fuel at the pump is replaced by an allowance of 100 euros reserved for the 10 million most modest workers (annual tax income of reference per share lower than 14,700 euros) using a car or a two-wheeler to go to work. You must apply for it on the website.

100 euros for first-time carpoolers. A bonus of 100 euros is promised to motorists who will start carpooling in 2023, on long journeys as well as on those of daily life (from a certain number of journeys).

Eco bonus. The amount of the ecological bonus for the purchase of an electric car is increased to 7,000 euros for half of the households, the most modest.

Navigo at 84 euros. The monthly Navigo subscription, necessary to travel on public transport in Île-de-France, increases by 12% and goes to 84.10 euros. The single ticket increases to 2.10 euros.

What changes for energy

Electric meters. Electricity meter reading becomes chargeable for customers who are not equipped with a Linky meter and who have not sent Enedis a self-reading during the last 12 months. These customers will be charged a fee of 8.48 euros every two months levied by the energy suppliers.

Gas shield. The increase in regulated natural gas sales tariffs will be limited to 15%. This tariff shield applies to residential subscribers (consuming less than 30 MWh/year) as well as co-ownerships with an individual natural gas supply contract.

No gas boiler with MaPrimeRénov’. The MaPrimeRénov’ system will no longer subsidize the purchase of gas boilers, including those with very high energy performance.

Thermal colanders. In mainland France, housing consuming more than 450 kilowatt hours per square meter per year, according to their energy performance diagnosis (DPE), can no longer be rented or rented again. They will henceforth be considered as indecent, like unsanitary accommodation or accommodation without a kitchen.

READ ALSORenovation of housing: MEPs grant an additional 12 billion euros

In terms of health

Free condoms. All young people under the age of 26 can now obtain free condoms at the counter of pharmacies.

Screening at birth. Birth screening, which aims to screen all newborns for rare but serious diseases, has been extended to seven new pathologies, bringing the total count to thirteen. The new diseases concerned are homocystinuria, leucinosis, tyrosinemia type 1, glutaric aciduria type 1, isovaleric aciduria, long-chain hydroxyacyl COA dehydrogenase deficiency and carnitine uptake deficiency.

Disability: extended assistance. People who are deaf, blind or have intellectual, cognitive or mental disabilities will be able to benefit from the disability compensation benefit (PCH). This funds a carer in order to obtain assistance in carrying out certain acts of daily living.

Changes in agriculture

Crop insurance. A reform of crop insurance reviews the terms of compensation for farmers in the face of the trivialization of crop losses under the effect of climate change, and encourages them to take out insurance.

End of chick grinding. In the laying hen sector, producers must put an end to the routine elimination of male chicks by generalizing the sexing of embryos in the egg. A derogation has been put in place for the males of white hens (approximately 15% of national production) on the grounds that it is more difficult to determine their sex before hatching.

On the judicial level

End of assize rape trials. Crimes punishable by up to twenty years’ imprisonment, mainly rape, will now be judged in first instance by criminal courts, jurisdictions without popular jurors, and no longer by assize courts.

Automatic penalty reductions. This mechanism automatically offered detainees (apart from terrorism) sentence reductions, except for bad behavior. From now on, it is a sentence enforcement judge who will be able to grant reductions only to detainees who have given “sufficient proof of good behavior” or who have shown “serious efforts at reintegration”.

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