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Russia-Ukraine war: what do Zelensky and Putin want?

This Thursday it was the turn of Volodimir Zelenski, the president of Ukraine. He laid out what he considered six points to end the war initiated by the Russian invasion at the end of February.

“My priorities in the negotiations are absolutely clear: ending the war, security guarantees, sovereignty, restoration of territorial integrity, real guarantees for our country and real protection for our country,” Zelensky said during a message to the nation.

That same Thursday night, Vladimir Putin spoke with the President of TurkeyRecep Tayyip Erdogan, and exposed the four conditions to put an end to the massacre that is taking place on Ukrainian soil at this time.

Zelensky listed:

  • Security guarantees for Ukraine
  • Royal protection for Ukraine
  • Restoration of territorial integrity

Putin expounded:

  • Neutrality of Ukraine and its non-entry into NATO
  • “Denazification” and protection of the Russian language in Ukraine
  • Putin-Zeleneski face-to-face meeting prior to an agreement
  • Ukraine’s recognition of Crimea as part of Russia and the independent status of the Donbas region

Putin poured out his demands in a call to his Turkish counterpart on Thursday night. Sources close to that dialogue speak to BBC News.

“Half an hour after the phone call ended, I interviewed Erdogan’s top adviser and spokesman, Ibrahim Kalin. Kalin was part of the small group of officials who they had heard the callwrites John Simpson, the BBC’s international affairs editor.

And he reported that the Russian demands are grouped into two categories: an easy one to reach with Ukraine. The other one doesn’t.

Ukraine’s acceptance that it should be neutral and that it should not apply to join NATO, are terms that the President of Ukraine has already acknowledged.

the second category it is full of holes.

Kalin, the Turkish spokesman, was much less specific about this category, saying simply that it involved the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine, parts of which had already broken away from Ukraine and emphasized its Russianness, and later, the state of Crimea. .

Although Kalin did not go into details, it is assumed that Russia will demand that the Ukrainian government cede territory in eastern Ukraine. that will be deeply controversialSimpson writes.

The other assumption is that Russia will demand that Ukraine formally accept that Crimea, which Russia illegally annexed in 2014, now belongs to Russia. If this is the case, it will be a bitter pill for Ukraine.

Clarin Editorial

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