Ruchika M Khanna / Trinew
Chandigarh, September 6
For the first time, the Punjab government has come out with a policy on ex-situ crop residue management. The policy, which has also received approval from the Air Quality Management Commission, is aimed at biomass power plants, compressed biogas plants, paddy straw-based ethanol plants, industrial boilers and even composting of straw. According to a proposal sent by the state government, the BJP-led central government refused an incentive of Rs 1,500 per acre for not burning stubble, where the Center as well as the Punjab and Delhi governments were to pay Rs 2,500 per acre. . Farmers, ex-situ management policy to not burn the stubble can help the farming community to earn some extra bucks by selling crop residue. Till now, the state government has mainly focused on in-situ crop residue management and around 90,000 machines have been provided to the farmers for this purpose. Apart from being a costly option, more than 10 percent of these subsidized machines go untraceable. Though the state government also tried to use de-composer technology, the results were not very encouraging. Bio decomposer was used on 7,000 acres of land last year and this year it will be used on 8,000 acres of land.
Punjab Pollution Control Board member secretary Karunesh Garg said, “The total paddy straw production this year is expected to be 18.32 million tonnes. While we expect that most of the stubble (which is not burnt) will be managed through CRM machines, we are encouraging farmers to switch between in-situ and ex-situ residue management. Karunesh Garg, who is also involved in preparing the state’s action plan for prevention and control of agricultural stubble burning, said, “We need to give soil rest after two years of composting with crop residue. Farmers can sell their paddy straw to companies for Rs 1.50 to Rs 2 per kg. These companies will also pay the transportation cost to the farmers.
Three compressed biogas projects will be set up
The state government is considering to utilize 1 million tonnes of paddy straw in 11 biomass projects and 1.2 million tonnes in compressed biogas projects (three functional at Sangrur, Fatehgarh Sahib and Ludhiana and 38 are expected to be commissioned in 2023-24). Is. At least 10 bioethanol projects were coming up in the state and the government would encourage them if they install paddy straw based boilers. An incentive of Rs 25 crore is being offered to the existing 50 industrial units for using paddy straw to run their boilers. If industries build storage for straw, they will get 100% rebate/reimbursement on stamp duty, along with easy availability of panchayat land on lease. Kilns, sugar mills and paper mills are also being encouraged to use paddy straw as fuel in boilers.