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Iron Dome: the technology behind Israel’s anti-missile shield in the war against Hamas

The massacre that began at a rave party in the Israeli desert and a series of kibbutz near the border with the Gaza Strip, where Israeli deaths already exceed 1,200, escalated a historic armed confrontation between the terrorist group Hamas. and the State of Israel.

In this context, the advanced anti-missile system financed by the United States, the Iron Dome -Dome or Iron Domein Spanish- became the main protagonist in the defense of Israel’s sky against the terrorist group.

War between Israel and Hamas: what is Iron Dome and how it works

Iron Dome intercepts rockets launched from Gaza. Photo: Reuters

This advanced missile system was first put into service in 2011 and is designed to stop short-range rockets and artillery, such as those fired from Gaza.

Consisting of two separate systems, known as David’s Sling and Arrow, the Iron Dome concept is designed to primarily repel medium and long-range threatsincluding aircraft, drones, rockets and missiles.

Iron Dome is based on a radar system, a battle analysis and control unit to determine if an incoming rocket is a threat, and a Tamir interceptor which fires only if the incoming rocket risks hitting a populated area or important infrastructure.

Interceptor missiles, which are fired vertically from mobile units or from a static launch siteare designed to detonate the incoming rocket in mid-air, producing the explosions in the sky that accompany the warning sirens during this recent escalation of attacks in Israel.

The Iron Dome has a effective range of about 4 to 70 kilometers, depending on the type of enemy rocket being fought. But it is not the only threat it can repel, it is also effective against short and long range rockets, mortars and artillery projectiles.

Israeli officials and defense companies say the system managed to prevent thousands of rockets and artillery from reaching their targets, with a success rate of more than 90 percent.

The Stunner missiles are fired from the Iron Dome mobile launcher to Photo: EFE.The Stunner missiles are fired from the Iron Dome mobile launcher to Photo: EFE.

However, some defense analysts even questioned those figures, arguing that They are not reliable and that groups like Hamas and Islamic jihad that fire rockets and artillery from Gaza adapted to the system.

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