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Drought: France is experiencing its biggest “water deficit” in 25 years

Lhe dry weather and constantly rising temperatures do not work in favor of French crops. Pointed out by farmers since the beginning of the year, the lack of rain in recent months has weighed on many departments and, by extension, on the French economy. Questioned by France Info on Wednesday May 11, the president of the FNSEA (majority union in the agricultural profession) sounded the alarm, believing that France would not have experienced “such a water deficit” for twenty-five years. . Limited in water, “the crops that suffer the most are those of cereals, wheat, barley, which were planted in October and November,” explains Christiane Lambert with distress.

Monday, May 9, the Ministry of Ecological and Inclusive Transition published the list of ten departments affected by water restrictions after having exceeded their alert threshold: Maine-et-Loire, Vienne, Deux- Sèvres, Charente-Maritime, Charente, Vendée, Ain, Drôme, Hautes-Alpes, Loire-Atlantique, Loiret, Bouches-du-Rhône, Haute-Savoie, Var or even Vaucluse. If the situation does not improve, Christiane Lambert predicts the upcoming addition of the departments of Loiret, Cher and Indre, among others.

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The wallet of farmers and breeders impacted

Taking the example of wheat production, the president of the FNSEA explains that the lack of water occurs when “the ear is rising” and, “if it suffers from drought, the grains will be fewer” . Deliveries cannot be made and farmers will not get the expected income. According to Météo-France, rainfall in the country has been down by 33% since January.

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