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Artificial Intelligence comes to Paris Legal Makers


HASith ChatGPT, Midjourney, Dall-E, Bing and other text, image and music generators based on artificial intelligence, a new technological era is opening, which arouses as much fascination as fear. What revolution are we talking about? How can we support it in a responsible framework, respectful of fundamental rights? Can the machine escape its creators? These questions will be at the heart of the second edition of Paris Legal Makers (PLM), an international event organized by the Paris Bar, including Point is a partner. At the crossroads of the legal, entrepreneurial, philosophical and academic worlds, this series of debates and conferences will be held on November 23, at the Palais Brongniart (Paris 2e), under the high patronage of the President of the Republic.

“The first edition of the PLM was organized in 2021 at the initiative of my predecessor, Olivier Cousi. The ambition has not changed: it is still a question of showing the vitality of the Paris market, a legal ecosystem of great wealth and very attractive on an international scale. recalls Julie Couturier, president of Paris, whose bar brings together 34,000 lawyers. The theme of AI emerged almost naturally. “Things are moving very quickly, and its impact will be colossal, on our businesses and on all economic activitiesconsiders Me Couturier. The legal profession is at a crossroads, its survival is at stake. At the same time, we must move away from the fantasy of the great replacement by AI, which can also offer real opportunities – provided that we appropriate its tools –, be a source of progress and open up a new field of possibilities for professions. legal and the world of work in general, but also in the fields of health, the environment, in the management of public services and education… This is what we want to demonstrate. »

Cyberattacks. Two plenary conferences and five round tables will punctuate the day. The guests of the opening plenary (“AI: systemic risk or just one more revolution?”) will discuss the “earthquake” that generative AI is causing in our societies. A double-edged sword: if AI becomes overpowering, can it turn against us? The philosopher and former minister Luc Ferry will discuss the crucial role of education in and through AI: “Talking machines, capable of manipulating us, invite us to rethink what makes us human. » “In the relationship between man and machine, the weak link is man,” also warns psychiatrist Serge Tisseron, also invited.

What tasks will artificial intelligence replace? What new professions will it create? The workshop devoted to the “world of work” will show how the company integrates it into its management methods, while protecting the data it handles. “Generative AI will automate computer attacks”, will demonstrate Arnaud Taddei, cybersecurity specialist at Broadcom.

How can algorithms assist the judge, while guaranteeing a fair trial? Guest of the workshop “The trial and generative AI”, Raja Chatila, professor emeritus of AI, robotics and ethics of technologies at Sorbonne University, will highlight the questionable impartiality of algorithmic systems, based on statistical calculations. Jean-Paul Vulliety, Geneva lawyer and law professor, will defuse beliefs in omniscient and omnipotent artificial intelligence and will insist on its inability to replace human intelligence in a number of areas.

Justice increased. “The revolution is systemic, its issues concern all our fellow citizens, in their work but also their social life. This is why we will approach the subject in its legal, philosophical and political dimensions, while relating it to the real economy. specifies Yves Wehrli, associate lawyer at the Clifford Chance firm and linchpin of this new Paris Legal Makers, of which he led the scientific committee.

AI is shaking up the legal market, leading lawyers and corporate lawyers – their association, the AFJE, and the Cercle Montesquieu are partners in the event – ​​to develop their practices. How can she become their ally rather than their competitor? Guest of the workshop “Augmented justice: how does AI redefine the role of legal actors? », Christophe Roquilly, director of the Edhec Augmented Law Institute, will detail the use cases of AI in law firms, while Alexia Delahousse, legal director of Qonto (online financial solutions), will explain how legal departments are integrating generative AI into their working methods.

Artificial intelligence is blurring the lines between human creativity and the content it generates. What types of data can be sucked up by these tools? Can the generated results qualify as copyrightable works? In which case, who would be the author: the human, the machine, both? How can we think about fair rules for the distribution of value? So many questions that Cécile Rap-Veber, general director of Sacem, and Adrien Basdevant, lawyer, will decipher during the workshop “Intellectual, literary, artistic property: the end of a model? “.

Climate change. Will AI make education accessible to everyone? What role will it play in health? What is its potential to stop climate change? Will it make our lives better? Points discussed during the round table “Redefining the future thanks to AI: global warming, health, education and beyond”, which was notably announced by Anton Carniaux, director of public and legal affairs at Microsoft France.

Finally, the closing plenary will raise the crucial question of ethics, in the face of technological ambition (“The future of artificial intelligence: reconciling technological ambition and ethical issues”). Jean-Noël Barrot, Minister responsible for the Digital Transition and Telecommunications, will specify France’s orientations, in a technological context dominated by American and Chinese giants. “The emerging capabilities of these AIs, unpredictable and uncontrollable, confront us with a major ethical problem: the impossibility of distinguishing between a text written by a human and that generated by the machine,” will observe the physicist and philosopher Alexei Grinbaum. To avoid projections of liability onto the machine, watermark codes (watermarks) and control methods aimed at blocking “toxic” outputs from the system are essential locks, he will explain. “Offering a lucid and positive vision of artificial intelligence: that is the ambition of this day”, concludes the President of Paris §

Paris Legal Makers 2023

Organized by the Paris Bar in partnership with Pointwith the support of the French Association of Corporate Lawyers (AFJE) and the Cercle Montesquieu, the event will be held on Thursday, November 23 at the Palais Brongniart (Paris 2e).

Complete program and registration: www.parislegalmakers.org

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